Why visual arts is important for children.
When considering the benefits of art neurologically, it is important to also
consider the issue of creativity. Research has suggested that it may be the creativity
component of art that has a positive effect on learning (Runko & Sakamoto, 1999).
Runko and Sakmoto suggested that creativity is related to activation of particular areas of
the brain that, in turn, may be related to greater receptivity to new incoming information.
Because the brain processes information more efficiently, mental processes such as
memory may benefit. Nalbantian (2008), for example, proposed that creative activities
link short-term and long-term memory due to how the qualities of a work of art promote
long-term memories to be directed in a short-term memory activity. In other words
individuals that participate in art are engaging in a short-term activity, but they must
activate long-term memories in order to complete the task. While simply drawing may
require only short-term or working memory mechanisms, relating the visual items to an
idea, etc. requires long-term memory. We are still left with the question of exactly what
areas of the brain are implicated in this process.
(please view http://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1436&context=etd for full article)